In 1927, the Canberra National Memorials Committee, in a report to the Federal Parliament on the Naming of Canberra’s Streets and Suburbs, proposed that street names in Canberra’s suburbs follow a theme. This policy (one of the oldest in the ACT) has been followed to this day.
In keeping with this thematic approach, Hackett streets were named after prominent Australian scientists. In some cases, there are two namesakes for the same street. In more recent times the ACT Government has dedicated several streets to commemorate Victoria Cross (VC) winners with the same name by adding a VC symbol to these streets. These include French Street, Kenny Place and Newton Street.
Hackett’s street names were gazetted on 21 September 1961 under the National Memorials Ordinance 1928-1959. But it was not simply a list of the street names. The gazette included a description of the direction of each street such as Madigan St – From Phillip Avenue, north of Kellaway Street, generally north-easterly and north-westerly to Antill Street.
Information on street namesakes has been obtained from the ACT Government, Australian Dictionary of Biography and Wikipedia.
|Street name||Named after||When lived||Short biography|
|Antill Street||Henry Colden Antill||1779-1852||Aide-de-camp to Governor Macquarie; soldier and pioneer settler of New South Wales|
|Bragg Street||William Henry Bragg||1862-1942||Physicist; after distinguished academic career in Australia and England he became Director of the Royal Institution, 1923; awarded Nobel Prize in 1915, in conjunction with his son, William|
|Brennan Street||Christopher John Brennan
|Burrell Street||Henry James
|1873-1945||OBE; Naturalist; studied the platypus and the spiny anteater and became the chief authority on them; wrote `The Platypus’, 1927; collaborated in writing `The Wild Animals of Australasia’, 1926; Fellow of the Royal Zoological Society of London.|
|Caldwell Street||William Hay
|1859-1941||Noted zoologist who carried out important research on Australian marsupials and lungfish.|
|Dakin Place||William John Dakin||1883-1950||William Dakin – Noted zoologist; Professor of Zoology, University of Sydney, 1928-48; adviser to Commonwealth Government on whaling and fisheries|
|Dunlop Street||James Dunlop||1793-1848||Astronomer; assisted in establishment of observatory at Parramatta in 1821; appointed Superintendent in 1830|
|Dunn Place||Edward John Dunn||1844-1937||Geologist educated in Australia; prepared first geological map of South Africa, 1872; returned to Victoria, 1886; Director of Geological Survey of Victoria, 1904-12|
|Fison Street||Lorimar Fison||1832-1907||Missionary and anthropologist; undertook valuable work on Australian anthropology|
|French Street||Charles French
Sir George Arthur French
Cpl John Alexander R French
|Charles French – horticulturalist, naturalist and entomologist;
George: Soldier. Commandant Queensland Military Forces 1883-1891 and New South Wales Military Forces 1896-1902.
Cpl John French awarded Victoria Cross, 4 September 1942, at Milne Bay, New Guinea Services.
|Gilbert Street||John Gilbert||1815-1845||Naturalist; worked with John Gould in connection with his work, `Birds of Australia’; researched bird life of Tasmania, Western Australia and Northern Territory; joined Leichhardt’s 1844 expedition.|
|Gilruth Street||John Anderson
|1871-1937||Scientist and administrator; Administrator of the Northern Territory, 1912-20; Chief of Division of Animal Health, CSIR, 1930-37.|
|Grayson Street||Henry Joseph Grayson||c1856-1918||Scientist who accompanied J W Gregory on 1901 expedition to central Australia; developed machines assisting plant microscopy|
|Hackett Place||Sir John Winthrop Hackett||1848-1916||Legislator, pioneer of Federation, educationalist and philanthropist of Western Australia; Editor of `West Australian’ newspaper; elected to the State Legislative Council in 1894 and remained a Member until his death|
|Haddon Street||Alfred Cort Haddon||1855-1940||Ethnologist; led an expedition to Torres Strait and New Guinea in 1888-89|
|Harris Place||John Harris||1754- 1838||Pioneer surgeon; surgeon to New South Wales Corps, 1792; appointed Magistrate, 1800; took part in several early explorations of New South Wales.|
|Harris Street||Laurance Hershel Levi Harris||1871-1920||Radiologist and surgeon; pioneer and one of the leaders of science of radiology in Australia.|
|Hedley Street||Charles Hedley||1862-1926||Prominent naturalist who carried out valuable research on the Great Barrier Reef|
|Helms Place||Richard Helms||1842-1914||Naturalist with Sir Thomas Elder’s expedition to central Australia, 1891-92; biologist, Department of Agriculture, 1896-99; wrote many papers on flora and fauna|
|Holtze Place||Maurice Holtze||1840-1923||ISO; Botanist; arrived in Australia, 1872; worked for the Government at the Palmerston Botanic Gardens, 1878-91; appointed Director and Secretary, Adelaide Botanic Gardens, 1891, and was the first Director to open the Gardens to the public; had many species named after him including Sida holtzia.|
|Hull Place||Arthur Francis Bassett Hull
Hugh Munro Hull
|1862-1945||Arthur Hull – noted ornithologist and philatelist.
Hugh Hull – Pioneer of Tasmania 1819.
|Jukes Place||Joseph Beete Jukes||1811-1869||Geologist and naturalist with expedition surveying north-east coast of Australia, 1842-46, in HMS Fly.|
|Jukes Street||See above||See above||See above|
|Kellaway Street||Charles Halliley Kellaway||1889-1952||Medical scientist; Director of Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1923; Director of Pathology to Army during World War II|
|Kenny Place||Elizabeth Kenny
Private Bede Kenny
|1880-1952||Nurse; responsible for devising a treatment for poliomyelitis during an epidemic in Queensland in 1933. Her methods were investigated and officially recognised by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis in the USA in the 1940s.
Private Kenny awarded VC at Hermies, France on 9 April 1917.
|Mackenzie Street||Sir William Colin Mackenzie||1877-1938||Anatomist; founder of Colin Mackenzie Sanctuary for native animals at Healesville, Victoria; first Director of the Institute of Anatomy, Canberra.|
|Madigan Street||Cecil Thomas Madigan||1889-1947||Geologist and explorer; member of Antarctic expedition, 1911-14; made a number of expeditions to central Australia, 1927-39|
|Maitland Street||Andrew Gibb Maitland||1864-1951||Geologist; surveyed and mapped vast areas of Western Australia, 1903-06; successfully predicted artesian water on Nullarbor Plain and near Derby.|
|Mills Place||Richard Charles Mills||1886-1952||Professor of Economics, University of Sydney, 1922; Member, Royal Commission on Banking, 1936; Chairman, Commonwealth Grants Commission, 1941, Uniform Taxation Committee, 1942, and Australian National Advisory Committee for UNESCO, 1947; led Australian Delegation to First Session of UNESCO in 1946 and again in 1951; Chairman of Interim Council during formation of Australian National University.|
|Mills Street||See above||See above||See above|
|Newton Street||Sir Hibbert Alan
F/Lt William Ellis
|1887-1949||Hibbert Newton – noted surgeon; President of the Walter and Eliza Hall Research Institute; Consulting Surgeon to the Army, 1940-42; Chairman, Medical Equipment Control Committee, 1939-45; Director of Clinical Studies at University of Melbourne.
F/Lt William Ellis Newton awarded the Victoria Cross in New Guinea, March 1943
|Phillip Avenue||Arthur Phillip||1738-1814||First Governor of New South Wales, 1788-92; chosen in 1786 to lead the expedition destined for Botany Bay, reaching the Bay on 18 January 1788; first Captain-General and Governor-in-Chief of New South Wales; discovered and settled Sydney Cove at Port Jackson|
|Prell Place||Charles Ernest Prell||1856-1946||Pastoralist of New South Wales; pioneered pasture improvement in Australia by use of fertilisers and subterranean clover.|
|Richards Street||Henry Caselli Richards||1884-1947||Geologist associated with University of Queensland from 1911-47; involved with the foundation of the Great Barrier Reef Committee, 1922; published fifty-five research papers|
|Rivett Street||Sir David Rivett||1885-1961||Rhodes Scholar, 1907; Professor of Chemistry, University of Melbourne, 1924-1927; Deputy Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, CSIR, 1927-46; Chairman of the Council, CSIRO, 1946-49; President of Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, 1937-39|
|Russell Street||Henry Chamberlain Russell||1836-1907||Astronomer and meteorologist; Government Astronomer at Sydney Observatory, 1870-1905|
|Selwyn Street||Alfred Richard Cecil Selwyn||1824-1902||Geologist; Geological Surveyor of Victoria, 1852-69.|
|Skeats Street||Ernest Willington Skeats||1875-1953||Geologist associated with the University of Melbourne for thirty-seven years, from 1904-41; received Medal of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 1929; awarded Mueller Medal from the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science, 1937.|
|Stanley Street||Sir Arthur Lyulph Stanley
|Arthur Stanley – 5th Baron Stanley of Alderley and 5th Baron Sheffield of Roscommon, (1875-1931); Governor of Victoria, 1914-20.
Owen Stanley – Naval officer and marine surveyor. Carried out valuable hydrographic surveys along south coast of New Guinea
|Steele Street||Bertram Dillon Steele
Major General Sir Clive Steele
|Bertram Steele – Scientist and inventor. Professor of Chemistry, University of Queensland 1910-1931. Played conspicuous part in successful campaign by Queensland Government for the eradication of prickly pear. Invented type of gas-mask and instrument for detection of submarines.
Major General Sir Clive Steele – Chief Engineer, Second A.I.F. 1939-1942. Engineer in Chief A.M.F. 1942-1946
|Stott Street||James Winchester Stott||1830-1907||Blacksmith of Alma, South Australia; in 1881 constructed an early model of a stump-jump plough.|
|Taylor Place||George Augustine Taylor||1872-1928||Artist, inventor and journalist; pioneer of radio broadcast in Australia; made first Australian flight in a motorless aircraft constructed by himself at Narrabeen, New South Wales.|
|Tryon Street||Sir George Tryon
|George Tryon – First Admiral in charge of Australian Station, 1884; advocated formation of Australian Navy.
Henry Tryon – Prominent Naturalist and Scientist-Carried out work on sugar cane and prickly pear in Queensland
|Verco Street||Sir Joseph Cooke Verco||1851-1933||Leading physician of Adelaide for many years; prominent conchologist; presented extensive shell collection to South Australian Museum.|
Source – Hackett Community Association (2019) Hackett – 50 years plus: Story of a North Canberra suburb.